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Dr. Etelvino Novotny

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Etelvino

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Dr. Etelvino Novotny

Department: Embrapa Solos
Address: Rua Jardim Botânico, 1024, CEP 22460-000, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil
Qualifications: PhD, MSc
Email: etelvino.novotny@gmail.com
Phone: (+55) 21 2179 4599

Dr. Etelvino H. Novotny of Austrian and Brazilian nationality, an IRCSET post-doctoral fellow in the Group, is internationally recognised for his applications of NMR to studies of the compositions of soil humic substances, and of the biologically oxidized chars isolated from the Terra Preta de indio soils of the Amazon region.

Qualifications:

PhD - Physical Chemistry
UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO, CHEMISTRY INSTITUT OF SÃO CARLOS
Period: March 1998 - June 2002
São Carlos-SP-Brazil

M.Sc - Soil Science
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF PARANÁ; AGRONOMY FACULTY
Period: March 1994 - October 1997.
Curitiba-PR-Brazil

BSc - Agronomy
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF PARANÁ; AGRONOMY FACULTY
Period: 1989 - 1993
Curitiba-PR-Brazil

International Experience

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT MÜNCHEN – FREISING – GERMANY
Period: July 2000 - August 2000
Advisor: Prof. Heike Knicker.
Practical training for the application of solid-state NMR in soil science

UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE - FACOLTÀ DI AGRARIA - PIACENZA - ITALY.
Period: January 1997 - March 1997
Piacenza - Italy.
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Gian Pietro Molinari.
Stage as visitant researcher.
Work developed: Research regarding adsorption kinetics and equilibrium processes of sulfonylureas herbicides on clays and soils.

UNIVERSITÄT FÜR BODENKULTUR - WIEN / FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM SEIBERSDORF - AUSTRIA
Period: March 1996 - January 1997
Vienna - Austria.
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Winfried E.H. Blum and Prof. Dr. Martin Gerzabek.
Stage as visitant researcher (Gastforscher).
Work developed: Impact study of different management systems on soil organic matter. Method development for soil organic matter extraction and fractionation.
 

Academic Prizes

2000: Travel Bursary, International Humic Substance Society. Title: Factors affecting quantitative organic free radical analysis by EPR.

1994: First place in selection process for M.Sc. graduation.

1993: Second placed in the best student performance as undergraduate.

1993: Poster classified in first place in the congress Scientific Initiation Meeting with title: (Zn x Mn x Cu Interaction Effect in Corn Zea mays)
 

Public Concourse

2001: Eighth placed in National selection process (8,000 candidates) for admission to Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.

1989: Forth placed in selection process for undergraduates.

Fellowships

FAPESP (Brazil): Ph.D. fellowship
Period: March 1998 - June 2002

ÖAD (Austria): Invited researcher (“Gastforscher”) fellowship
Period: March 1996 - March 1997

CNPq (Brazil): M.Sc. fellowship
Period: March 1994 - October 1997

CNPq (Brazil): Scientific Initiation fellowship
Period: April 1992 - July 1993.

Grants: (In italic title in English)

Macroprograma 1 - Grandes Desafios Nacionais: Rede de Conhecimento em Agricultura de Precisão para condições de Cerrado e dos Campos Gerais (Macro-Program 1 - Great National Challenges: Knowledge Net in Precision Agriculture for Brazilian Savanna and South of Brazil)
Financial support: Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.
Period: 2004-
Value: US$ 700,000.00

Macroprograma 2 - Competitividade e Sustentabilidade: Modelagem Matemática e Simulação da Dinâmica da Matéria Orgânica do Solo no Sistema Plantio Direto (Macro-program 2 - Competitiveness and Sustainability: Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Soil Organic Matter Dynamic in the No-Till System)
Financial support: Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.
Period: 2003-
Value: US$ 100,000.00

Efeitos do Plantio Direto e Manejo Convencional sobre a Matéria Orgânica e Substâncias Húmicas do Solo: Avaliações com Técnicas Espectroscópicas e de Microscopia (Conventional and no-till management effects on soil organic matter and humic substances)
Period: 1999-2001
Financial support: FAPESP
Value: US$ 50,000.00

Aplicações de Métodos Espectroscópicos e Desenvolvimento de Equipamentos para Agricultura (Spectroscopic method applications and equipment development for agricultural use)
Period: 1998-2001
Financial support: PADCT/CNPq
Value: US$ 165,000.00

Desenvolvimento de Metodologias, Equipamentos e Sensores para Caracterização e Tratamento da Matéria Orgânica e Poluentes em Solos e Águas (Equipment, methodologies and sensors development for characterization and treatments of organic matter and polluents from soil and water)
Period: 1998-2000
Financial support: Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.
Value: US$ 60,000.00

References

International Periodicals

De Melo Benites, V.; De Sá Mendonça, E; Schaefer, C.E.G.R.; Novotny, E.H.; Lázaro Reis, E.; Ker, J.C. 2004. Properties of black soil humic acids from high altitude rocky complexes in Brazil. Geoderma 127, 104-113..

González-Pérez, M.; Martin-Neto, L.; Saab, S.C.; Novotny, E.H.; Milori, D.M.B.P.; Bagnato, V.S.; Colnago, L.A.; Melo, W.J.; Knicker, H. 2004. Characterization of humic acids from a Brazilian Oxisol under different tillage systems by EPR, 13C NMR, FTIR and fluorescence spectroscopy. Geoderma. 118: 181-190.

Novotny, E.H.; Martin-Neto, L. 2002. Effects of Humidity and Metal Ions on the Free Radicals Analysis of Peat Humus. Geoderma. 106: 305-317.

Novotny, E.H.; Blum, W.E.H.; Gerzabek, M.H.; Mangrich, A.S. 1999. Soil Management System Effects on Size Fractionated Humic Substances. Geoderma 92: 87-109.

Etelvino H Novotny, Michael HB Hayes, Eduardo R deAzevedo, and Tito J Bonagamba . 2006. Characterisation of Black Carbon rich samples by 13C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance.  Naturwissenschaften 93, 447-450.

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Etelvino H. Novotny, Eduardo R. deAzevedo, Tito J. Bonagamba, Tony J. F. Cunha, Beáta E. Madari, Vinícius de M. Benites, Michael H.B. Hayes. 2007. Studies of the Compositions of Humic Acids from Amazonian Dark Earth Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 400-405.

Download, Supplementary Section

Andre. J. Simpson, Guixue Song, Emma Smith, Buuan Lam, Etelvino. H. Novotony and Michael H.B Hayes. 2007.Unraveling the structural components of soil humin using solution state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Environ. Sci. and Technol.. 41, 876-883.

G. Song, E.H. Novotny, A.J. Simpson, C.E. Clapp, M.H.B. Hayes 2008. Sequential exhaustive extractions, and characterisations using solid and solution state NMR, of the humic, including humin, components in a Mollisol soil. European Journal of Soil Science. In press

E.H. Novotny, H.Knicker, L. Martin-Neto, R.B.V. Azeredo, M.H.B. Hayes. 2008. Effect of residual vanadyl on the spectroscopic analysis of humic acids – A multivariate approach.  European Journal of Soil Science. In press.

International Congress Publications

Novotny, E.H.; Martin-Neto, L. 2004. Spectroscopic Studies of Soil Humic Acids from Tillage Systems Experiments - Multivariate Data Analyzes. In: 12th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society, 2004, São Pedro. Proceedings... p.314 - 317.

Carvalho, E.R.; Milori, D.; Novotny, E.H.; Araujo, A.B.; Florentino, A.O.; Rocha, J. C.; Martin-Neto, L. 2002. Spectroscopic characterization of aquatic humic substances from tropical region and their interaction with chlorine. In: 20th Anniversary Conference Humic Substances: Nature's Most Versatile Materials, 2002, Boston.  Proceedings... p.291 - 294.

Pérez, M.G.; Milori, D.M.B.P.; Novotny, E.H.; Martin-Neto, L.; Berton, R.; Bettiol, W.; Camargo, O.A. 2002. Characterization of soil humic acids molecular size fractions by fluorescence in areas under sewage sludge application. In: 20th Anniversary Conference Humic Substances: Nature's Most Versatile Materials, 2002, Boston.  Proceedings... p.336 - 338.

Novotny, E.H.; Knicker, H.; Milori, D.; Martin-Neto, L. 2002. Effect of Residual Vanadyl in the Spectroscopic Analyses of Soil Humic Acids. In: 20th Anniversary Conference Humic Substances: Nature's Most Versatile Materials, 2002, Boston. Proceedings... p.298 - 301.

Martin-Neto, L.; Saab, S.C.; Ferreira, J.A.; Nascimento, O.R.; Bayer, C.; Novotny, E.H.; Mielniczuk, J. 2000. Recent applications of ESR spectroscopy in soil humic substances research. In: 10th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society, 2000, Toulouse. Proceedings... p.45 - 48.

Novotny, E.H.; Blum, W.E.H.; Gerzabek, M.H.; Mangrich, A.S. 2000. Analyses by EPR and FTIR spectroscopy of Humic Substances following size fractionation using controlled pore glass. In: 10th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society, 2000, Toulouse. Proceedings... p.109 - 112.

Novotny, E.H.; Martin-Neto, L. 2000. Factors affecting quantitative organic free radical analysis by EPR. In: 10th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society, 2000, Toulouse. Proceedings... p.85 - 90. (Academic prize: Travel Bursary, International Humic Substance Society).

Novotny E.H.; Mello N.C.; De Maria I.C.; Vieira S.R.; Dechen S.C.; Colnago L.A.; Martin-Neto L. 1999. Spectroscopic Characterization of Soil Humic Acids Obtained by Modified and IHSS Procedure. In: 1999 Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. (Salt Lake City-USA). Proceedings..

Dick, D.P.; Azevedo, M.; Mangrich, A.S.; Novotny, E.H.; Pereira, B.F. 1998. Characterization of Humic Acids from Coals with Different Ranks. In: 9th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society. (Adelaide-Australia). Proceedings.

Mangrich, A.S.; Dick, D.P.; Pereira, B.F.; Novotny, E.H. 1998. The Determination of Spins Concentration in Humic Acids Spectra with more than one Paramagnetic Species with Signals Partially Overlapped. In: 9th International Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society. (Adelaide-Australia). Proceedings...

Quadros, R.M.B.; Bellote, A.F.J.; Novotny, E.H., Bognola, I.A.; Cardoso, A.; Marques, J. 1996. Aplicabilidade da análise fatorial na avaliação da produtividade de Eucalyptus grandis. (Factor Analysis Applicability in Eucalyptus grandis Productivity Evaluation). In: XIII congresso latino americano de ciência do solo (Águas de Lindóia-SP). Proceedings

Mangrich, A.S.; Novotny, E.H.; Giannoni, R.A. 1996. Caracterização por R.P.E. da Interação do Herbicida Atrazina com Argilas de Solos (EPR Characterization of Soil Clays-Atrazine Interaction). In: XIII Congresso Latino Americano de Ciência do Solo (Águas de Lindóia-SP). Proceedings.

Etelvino H. Novotny, Michael H.B. Hayes, Eduardo R. de Azevedo, Tito J. Bonagamba, Vinicius de M. Benites, Beata E. Madari, Tony J. Cunha. 2005. Caracterizacao do carbono pirogenico por ressonancia magnetica nuclear. (eds E.H. Novotny, V. de Melo Benites, D. Vilas Boas de Campos), Considerations of compositions and structures of humic substances. Resumios Expandidos VI Encontro Brasileiro de Substancias  (Rio de Humicas Rio de Janeiro), pp. 28-31.

Corinna M. Byrne, Etelvino H. Novotny, Tito J. Bonagamba, Deirdre Fay, Michael H.B. Hayes. 2006. The nature of sequestered carbon in an Irish grassland soil  Proc. 13th Meeting, International Humic Substances Society (Karlsruhe), pp. 153-156.

Guixue Song, Etelvino.Novotony, Eduardo.Azevedo, Tito.Bonagamba, Julieta. Ferreira, Corinna. Byrne, Patrick. Cross, C.Edward. Clapp, and Michael.H.B.Hayes. 2006 Isolation of humin from The most recalcitrant of The SOM components using aqueous urea and acidified dimethylsulfoxide. Proc. 13th Meeting, International Humic Substances Society (Karlsruhe), pp. 197-200.

Etelvino H. Novotny, Michael H.B. Hayes, Eduardo R. de Azevedo, Vinícius de M. Benites, Beáta E. Madari, Tony J. F. Cunhae, Tito J. Bonagamba. 2006. Studies of the compositions of humic acids from Amazonian Dark Earth soils. Proc. 13th Meeting, International Humic Substances Society (Karlsruhe), pp. 541-544.

Raymond McInerney, Etelvino H. Novotry, Kevin Young, and Michael H.B. Hayes. 2006. Chemical compositions of organic matter in China Ball Clay and lignite from a ball clay deposit from South West England. Proc. 13th Meeting, International Humic Substances Society (Karlsruhe), pp. 681-684.

Corinna M. Byrne, Etelvino H. Novotny, patrick G. hatcher, and Michael H.B. Hayes. 2008. Insights into the compositionof humin from an irish grassland soil. Proc. 14th Meeting, International Humic Substances Society (Moscow). In Press.

Book Chapers

Novotny, E.H.; Martin-Neto, L. 1999. Propriedades coloidais da matéria orgânica do solo. (Collodial Properties of Soil Organic Matter). In: SANTOS, G.A.; CAMARGO, F.A.O. (Eds). Fundamentos da matéria orgânica do solo. Ecossistemas tropicais e sub-tropicais. (Soil Organic Matter Fundaments. Tropical and Sub-Tropical Ecosystems). Porto Alegre : Universal.

Novotny EH,Bonagamba TJ, deAzevedo ER, Hayes MHB "Solid-State 13-C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterisation of Humic Acids Extracted from Amazonian Dark Earth (Terra Preta de Índio)  In W.I Wood (ed) Terra Preta Nova: A Tribute to Wim Sombroek".

Current Projects

Etelvino is mostly involved in the following projects:

DIBANET

Carbolea is co-ordinating a large FP7 project that involves close collaboration between 13 partners, 7 from Latin America and 6 from Europe. The focus of this project is on the sustainable production of diesel miscible biofuels from the residues and wastes of both regions.

 

bamboo

 

 

Biochar Production, Characterisation and Plant Growth Trials

A major project is underway involving the production of biochar and the analysis of its properties and how these influence its utility as a plant growth promoter, pollution remediant, and means for sequestering atmospheric carbon.

 

lab

 

Recent News Articles

July 8, 2009

DIBANET Kick-Off Meeting

July 8th saw the official kick-off meeting for DIBANET, the new FP7 project co-ordinated by Carbolea. Many of the partners attended with a large contingent from Latin America making the journey. The day started with a welcoming and introduction to the University followed by a series of presentations by each partner detailing their capacities and roles in DIBANET (pictured, left). Very conductive disucssions then followed in seminar sessions and the networking continued late into the night with a traditional Irish Banquet in nearby Bunratty Castle (pictured, right). The following day many attendees were brought to see the marvels of the Cliffs of Moher, a tourist attraction near to the University.

presentation
 
dinner

Downloads

Documents

"Characterisation of black carbon-rich samples by 13C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance" - A paper written by Etelvino Novotny on the characterisation, via NMR of biochars such as the Terra Preta soils.

Download

"Extraction and characterisation of humin fraction from Amazonian Anthropogenic Dark Earths Soils" - An abstract submitted for the 2008 Conference of the Internation Humic Substances Society by Etelvino Novotny on the characterisation of humic fractions of Terra Preta soils.

Download

"Studies of the compositions of humic acids from Amazonian Dark Earth soils" - Proceedings from the International Humic Substances Society Conference in Karlsruhe, written by Etelvino Novotny, concerning the humic acids from Terra Preta soils in Brazil. This paper is of particular relevance to biochars.

Download, Supplementary Section

Presentations

"Pyrogenic Carbon" - A presentation by Etelvino Novotny on the pyrogenic carbon in soils (in particular the terra preta soils of Brazil).

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"Effect of Residual Vanadyl on the Spectroscopic Analysis of Humic Acids" - A presentation by Etelvino Novotny on the analysis of humic acids; of relevance to biochar and terra preta studies.

Download

 

 

 

 

 
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