Research Areas

Bashir Ghanim










Bashir Ghanim

Department: Chemical and Environmental Sciences
Address: University of Limerick
Qualifications: Master in Chemistry Sciences
Email: bashir.ghanim@ul.ie
Supervisior: J.J. Leahy
Co-Supervisior: Witold Kwapinski

MSc in Chemistry Sciences in 01/2008, Libyan Academy, Tripoli - Libya, Title of thesis was (Level of some heavy elements in the soil and some root vegetable produced in Bab ben Ghasher farms).

BSc in Chemistry Sciences in 07/1994, University of Tripoli (Al Fatah University), Tripoli - Libya.

• Teacher in Secondary school, Tripoli Libya, 09.1994 - 03.1998

• Researcher in Chemical and Quality Control Laboratory, Alkala Center of Industry, 03.1998 - 09.2009

• Lecturer in Chemistry, Higher Institute of Medical Vocations, Zahra, Tripoli, Libya, 09.2009 - 03.2013

• Researcher in Chemical and Quality Control Laboratory, Engineering Faculty, Al Fatah University (Nowadays University of Tripoli), 02.2008 - 09.2008

Current Project


The hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) process is defined as a thermochemical process used to convert suspension of biomass and water into three products; gases, aqueous chemicals, and a solid fuel (hydrochar) under moderate temperatures (180 to 350ºC) and pressures (2 to 10 MPa).

The HTC process is not a new field of research but has its origin in the first decades of the twentieth century, it is regaining more and more interesting due to the several benefits it presents in terms of wet residues processing capability, avoiding too expensive pre-treatment with limited energy consumption, an environmentally friendly method and in most cases is simple to set up and operate. The HTC of biomass improves not only energy content of biomass, but also its properties for easier handling, transport and storage.

Poultry litter was selected as the representative waste biomass due to their high production potential worldwide.

This project aims to evaluate the carbonization of poultry litter to determine how process conditions influence products properties and composition.





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